Lebanon lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, north of
Israel and west of Syria.
The Lebanon Mountains that parallel the coast on the west, cover most of the
country, while on the eastern border is the Anti-Lebanon range. Between the two
lies the Bekaa Valley, the principal agricultural area.
Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate - hot and dry summers and cool, rainy
winters. The sun shines 300 days a year. The annual rainfall on the coastal
plain is around 35in and more than 50in on the mountains. Humidity is high along
the coast in summer and daytime temperatures average 30°C with night
temperatures not much lower.